Ingredient Glossary

Ascorbic Acid

Vitamin C, an antioxidant vitamin. Non-essential vitamin for dogs and cats as they can produce adequate amounts on their own.
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Beef

Meat from beef cattle, providing amino acid nutrition for overall good health.

Beef Broth

Broth created from cooking beef in water, used in canned products as a source of moisture.

Biotin

B vitamin required for metabolism of fats, carbohydrates, proteins, fatty acids and non-essential amino acids. Water soluble vitamin. Required for normal skin and haircoat.

Bison

Bison is a lean, highly digestible protein that enhances palatability.

Blueberries

Rich in fiber and antioxidants, blueberries are considered to be a superfood.

Brewers Yeast

Non-fermentable yeast that provides B-complex vitamins and proteins. Flavor enhancer.
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Calcium Pantothenate

Source of pantothenic acid, a B vitamin. This vitamin is necessary for normal intestinal function, growth and haircoat color.

Canola Oil

Provides a blend of omega fatty acids for optimal skin and coat health. Contains alpha-linolenic acid, an omega-3 fatty acid. Also a source of vitamin E.

Carrots

Carrots are rich in vitamin A and like sweet potatoes and pumpkin, get their color from beta-carotene, a powerful antioxidant.

Chicken

Chicken is a highly digestible, lean protein that enhances palatability.

Chicken Broth

Broth created from cooking chicken in water, used in canned products as a source of moisture.

Chicken Fat

A digestible energy source. A source of Arachidonic acid (elongated form of omega-6) and Linoleic (omega-6) Acid.

Chicken Liver

Real chicken liver is an excellent source of iron and highly digestible protein.

Chicken Meal

Chicken is cooked and ground to a fine consistency. A highly digestible source of protein and minerals.

Chickpea Flour

Chickpeas, or garbanzo beans, are a legume. They are high in protein and have a low glycemic index. Chickpea flour is finely ground chickpeas.

Chicory Root (Dried)

A moderately fermentable carbohydrate source. Fermentation of chicory root (FOS-fructooligosaccharide) in the colon produces short chain fatty acids that are an energy source for colonocytes (cells lining the colon) as well as for the good bacteria in the colon.

Choline Chloride

A B-complex vitamin. Choline is required for normal nervous system function, normal growth in young animals and protection of the kidneys. It can be synthesized in the liver, but is a dietary requirement.

Copper Proteinate

Chelated form of copper. Copper is an important mineral for maintaining coat color and also regulates reproduction in cats. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

Copper Sulfate

An inorganic form of copper, a required mineral element. Copper is involved in normal reproduction as well as responsible for maintaining normal coat pigmentation.
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DL-Methionine

An essential amino acid which contains sulfur. Important for both dogs and cats, but more critical in cats since they have an increased demand for this amino acid. This is also a urine acidifier.

Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA)

Our puppy and kitten formulas contain DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) from salmon oil. DHA is an omega-3 fatty acid, critical for brain and vision development in growing puppies and kittens. DHA is a component of mother?s milk and studies show that the benefits of DHA in the diet continue after weaning.

Dried Bifidobacterium Animalis Fermentation Product

A probiotic, or good bacteria, that is added to our formulas to help support healthy digestion. It is a component of our proprietary probiotic blends, K9 Strain® Probiotics and Viables® Probiotics.

Dried Egg

Cooked and dried whole eggs.

Dried Egg Whites

Egg whites that have been dried, an ideal, highly digestible protein source.

Dried Lactobacillus Acidophilus Fermentation Product

A probiotic, or good bacteria, that is added to our formulas to help support healthy digestion. It is a component of our proprietary probiotic blends, K9 Strain® Probiotics and Viables® Probiotics.

Dried Lactobacillus Reuteri Fermentation Product

A probiotic, or good bacteria, that is specific to the canine digestive system. It is a component of our proprietary K9 Strain® Probiotics, added to our formulas to help support healthy digestion.

Duck

Duck is a highly digestible, lean protein that enhances palatability.

Duck Broth

Broth created from cooking duck in water, used in canned products as a source of moisture.

Duck Meal

Duck is cooked and ground to a fine consistency. A highly digestible source of protein and minerals.
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Egg (Egg Product)

Cooked and dried whole eggs.
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Ferrous Sulfate

Inorganic form of iron. Added to enhance the iron content of the food. Iron is responsible for the transport of oxygen throughout the body.

Fish Broth

Broth created from cooking fish in water, used in canned products as a source of moisture.

Flaxseed

A plant source of omega-3 fatty acids that is very palatable.

Flaxseed Oil

An oil derived from the flaxseed plant. Excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids, palatable and stable.

Folic Acid

A water soluble B vitamin necessary for formation of red blood cells and for normal function of the nervous system and reproduction (fetal development).
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Garbanzo Beans

Garbanzo beans, or chickpeas, are a legume. They are high in protein and have a low glycemic index.

Guar Gum

A gluten-free product made from guar beans. It is used in canned food to help the food set properly during the canning process.
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Iron Proteinate

Chelated form of iron. Necessary for the transport of oxygen throughout the body. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.
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Lamb

Lamb is a highly digestible protein that enhances palatability.

Lamb Broth

Broth created from cooking lamb in water, used in canned products as a source of moisture.

Lamb Liver

Real lamb liver is an excellent source of iron and highly digestible protein.

Lamb Meal

Lamb is cooked and ground to a fine consistency. A highly digestible source of protein and minerals.

Lentils

A legume that is new to pet food formulations. Legumes contain protein, fiber and carbohydrates and are nutritious ingredients for pet foods.
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Manganese Proteinate

Chelated form of manganese. Manganese is important for proper bone formation, growth and reproduction. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

Manganese Sulfate

The manganese salt of sulfuric acid is needed for proper bone formation, growth and reproduction. Manganese is a micro mineral which functions as a component of several cell enzymes that catalyze metabolic reactions.

Manganous Oxide

The oxide form of manganese that is needed for proper bone formation, growth and reproduction. Manganese is a micro mineral which functions as a component of several cell enzymes that catalyze metabolic reactions.

Mixed Tocopherols

Preservative made of compounds of vitamin E.
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Natural Flavor

Ingredient that is added to enhance the flavor and acceptance of the food. (Does not contain MSG).

Niacin

Vitamin B3. Important for maintenance of hair, skin, nervous system and energy metabolism.

Niacin Supplement

A supplemental source for vitamin B3. Important for maintenance of hair, skin, nervous system and energy metabolism.
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Ocean Fish (Ocean Whitefish)

Whitefish, ocean caught, is an excellent source of protein as well as omega fatty acids.
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Pea Flour

Whole peas that have been ground into a flour consistency. Excellent source of protein and carbohydrates.

Pea Protein

Peas are highly nutritious legumes that are made up of protein, starch and fiber in addition to vitamins and minerals. A special processing technique is used to separate the protein from the starch and fiber to create a digestible, low ash protein source with the added benefit of phytonutrients.

Peas

Peas are highly nutritious legumes that are made up of protein, starch and fiber in addition to vitamins and minerals.

Potassium Chloride

Potassium salt of hydrochloric acid and is required for body fluid maintenance, nerve conduction (including normal heart rhythm), and certain metabollic processes. Potassium is the main electrolyte in intracellular fluid.

Potassium Iodide

Potassium salt that is required for body fluid maintenance, nerve conduction (including normal heart rhythm) and certain metabolic processes. Potassium is the main electrolyte in intracellular fluid.

Potato Fiber

Used as a fiber source to help promote normal stools and a healthy digestive tract.

Potato Protein

The protein portion of potatoes. Excellent back-up source of protein in high-protein recipes to help keep the ash low.

Potato Starch

Very fine flour made from the potato after the peel has been removed.

Potatoes

A highly digestible carbohydrate source. Carbohydrates provide energy for everyday activity.

Pyridoxine Hydrochloride

Vitamin B6. Water-soluble. Necessary for blood cell formation and nervous system function.
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Raspberries

These berries contain antioxidants that help protect overall good health.

Riboflavin

Vitamin B2. Water soluble. This vitamin is necessary for nervous system function, energy utilization, healthy skin and coat and tissue repair.

Riboflavin Supplement

A supplemental source of Vitamin B2. Vitamin B2 is important for the function of the nervous system and energy utilization in the body. It also plays a role in maintaining healthy skin and coat and repairing damaged tissue in the body.

Roasted Bison

Bison is a highly digestible protein that enhances palatability. Roasted to add flavor.

Roasted Duck

Duck is a highly digestible protein that enhances palatability. Roasted to add flavor.

Roasted Lamb

Lamb is a highly digestible protein that enhances palatability. Roasted to add flavor.

Roasted Quail

Quail is a highly digestible, lean protein that enhances palatability. Roasted to add flavor.

Roasted Venison

Venison is a highly digestible, lean protein that enhances palatability. Roasted to add flavor.
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Salmon

Salmon is a highly digestible source of protein as well as omega fatty acids.

Salmon Meal

Salmon is cooked and ground to a fine consistency. A highly digestible source of protein and minerals as well as omega-3 fatty acids.

Salmon Oil

This oil is extracted from salmon. Marine source oils are rich in omega-3 fatty acids such as EPA and DHA.

Salt

Source of sodium and chloride. Used in formulas for growing animals or reproducing animals. Sodium and chloride are required in higher levels by these life stages.

Smoked Salmon

Salmon is a highly digestible source of protein as well as omega fatty acids. Smoked to add flavor.

Smoked Turkey

Turkey is a highly digestible, lean protein that enhances palatability. Smoked to add flavor.

Sodium Selenite

Form of selenium, an essential trace mineral necessary for normal immune function and reproduction.

Sunflower Oil

Purified oil from sunflowers, an excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids.

Sweet Potatoes

A power packed vegetable rich in dietary fiber, vitamins A and C, iron, calcium and beta carotene, this is one ideal complex carbohydrate source that provides all day energy.
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Tapioca

A carbohydrate source that comes from the root of the cassava plant. Highly digestible source of energy.

Taurine

Amino acid essential for cats, maintains healthy eyes and heart.

Thiamine Mononitrate

Vitamin B1. Required for protein and carbohydrate metabolism, as well as to maintain normal nervous system function.

Tomato Pomace

A soluble fiber source that helps promote digestive health and firm stools. Sourced from tomatoes, contributes vitamin C, lycopene and other important antioxidants.

Tomatoes

A source of vitamin C and lycopene, important antioxidants.

Tricalcium Phosphate

A mineral source of calcium and phosphorus, two essential mineral nutrients.

Trout

Trout is a highly digestible source of protein as well as omega fatty acids.
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Vitamin A Supplement

Active source of vitamin A, required by cats. Dogs can convert inactive vitamin A (beta-carotene) to active vitamin A. Necessary for reproduction, vision, normal skeletal and tooth development, immunity and tissue integrity.

Vitamin B12 Supplement

The only B vitamin that can be stored by the body. Necessary for formation of red blood cells and normal nervous system function.

Vitamin D Supplement

Regulates calcium and phosphorus balance and bone calcification.

Vitamin D3 supplement

A supplemental source for vitamin D3, an essential vitamin nutrient.

Vitamin E Supplement

Helps protect cell membranes, regulates intracellular respiration and immune function.
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Water

Pure water, used as a source of moisture in canned foods.

Wild Boar

Boar is a highly digestible protein that enhances palatability.
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Yucca Schidigera Extract

A plant extract that helps support healthy digestion.
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Zinc Proteinate

Chelated form of zinc. Zinc is necessary for the formation of proteins in the body, normal immune system function, skin and wound healing, growth and reproduction. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

Zinc Sulfate

Non-chelated form of zinc. Zinc is necessary for the formation of proteins in the body, normal immune system function, skin and wound healing, growth and reproduction.